A participant in a legal proceeding. In an appeal, a party refers to the appellant or a respondent who, in accordance with the Rules, is a participant in the appeal. The party who brings the proceeding to the Court of Appeal is called the appellant. The party against whom an appeal is brought and who must respond to the appellant’s case is called the respondent.

Pleadings are the documents that the parties exchange to commence a lawsuit (e.g., the notice of civil claim, the notice of appeal, notice of motion, etc.), and file in court. They set out the facts and circumstances of the case, which both parties will try to prove in court to support their claim or defence.

When the Court gives a judgment (decision), it is referred to as being pronounced and becomes binding at that time. An appeal must be launched within 30 days of the date of pronouncement, whether an order has been filed with the Registry or not.